Quick GMAT Facts

Section Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning, Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning
Exam Duration 3 Hours 7 Minutes (187 Minutes)
Total Test Centers in the World There are more than 650 test centers across 114 countries
Frequency of Exams (GMAT) 7 days a week
Retakes Allowed 5 attempts in 12 months, and 8 attempts in a lifetime

About the GMAT

Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT), conducted by Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC), is one of the key requisites for seeking admission to more than 7700 business and management programs at 2000+ universities across 110 countries. Every year more than 100,000 business school aspirants take this exam. In fact, 7 in 10 aspirants rely on GMAT scores to seek admission to the top 100 MBA programs worldwide.

Why you must take the GMAT

  • The GMAC has collaborated with the faculty of leading graduate management schools worldwide to develop the test. GMAT is backed by more than 6 decades of peer-reviewed research and testing expertise, which helps ensure its relevancy at all times.
  • The GMAT helps business schools to test the analytical and problem-solving abilities of a candidate and analyze their readiness for the program.
  • The standardized exam is taken by aspirants across 114 countries. It allows the business schools to compare aspirants from different academic and professional backgrounds with ease.
  • GMAT is a computer adaptive exam and each question is automatically selected based on the candidate’s ability. This test is more efficient than paper-based test, where every candidate answers the same set of questions.
  • GMAT is one of the highly secured standardized exams taken by students worldwide. Being computer adaptive, the test questions cannot be easily memorized by candidates, and it is quite unlikely that two aspirants will attempt the same set of questions.
  • A good GMAT score indicates that the candidate possesses the basic knowledge required to cope with the MBA curriculum and can do well if admitted to an MBA program.
  • GMAT scores are one of the requisites for scholarships across countries. So, a good GMAT score can earn you admission to a desired MBA program and help you to secure scholarships.

GMAT sections and Test Structure

The GMAT comprises of four sections and lasts for 3 hours 7 minutes.
Section Number of Questions Question Types Time Score Range
Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA) One Topic Analysis of Argument 30 minutes per task 0-6 (in .5 increments)
Integrated Reasoning (IR 12 Questions Multi-Source Reasoning, Graphics, Interpretation, Two-part Analysis, Table Analysis 30 minutes per section 1-8
Quantitative Reasoning 31 Questions Data Sufficiency, Problem Solving 62 minutes per section 6 to 51
Verbal Reasoning 36 Questions Reading, Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, Sentence Correction 65 minutes per section 6 to 51

Quantitative Reasoning

The GMAT Quant reasoning section comprise two types of questions – Data Sufficiency and Problem Solving. It tests a candidate’s ability to logically think and interpret math concepts.

  • Data Sufficiency: A candidate may be required to answer 13-14 questions. Each question comprises a question stem and two data statements. A candidate is not asked to deduce the mathematical answer rather, check if the data statements provide sufficient information required to solve the problem. 
  • oblem-Solving: As the name suggests, this section presents questions that a candidate is asked to solve to find the right value. It may feature 17-18 questions. Each question features a question stem and five possible answers.

Verbal Reasoning

This section tests a candidate’s command of English. It comprises three types of questions – Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. 

  • Reading Comprehension: A candidate will be presented with 12-14 reading comprehension passages accompanied by 3-4 questions in the text. These passages may be related to social science, business, biological science, and physical science topics. Reading comprehension analyzes a student’s reading skills, including their ability to interpret and making inferences from the text, articulate ideas and summarize them and analyze the structure of the passage logically.
  • Critical Reasoning: A candidate will be presented with 9-10 critical reasoning questions, which should be answered based on the series of arguments. A candidate has to find a conclusion or make an assumption to weaken or strengthen an argument. It basically tests a candidate’s skills in evaluating arguments and forming an action plan based on it. 
  • Sentence Correction: This section comprises 12-13 long sentences. A sentence may be underlined partly or entirely and a candidate may be asked to choose the best answer from four alternatives. There may be one or more than one correct answer. The original sentence may or may not have errors. Sometimes there may be an error or multiple errors. The answer choices may introduce errors, too. So, you need to be careful while reading or answering the questions.

Integrated Reasoning

It features four types of problems, including Multi-Source Reasoning, Table Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, And Two-Part Analysis. It tests the verbal and quant skills of a candidate.

  • Table Analysis: As the name suggests, the questions are presented in a table format in this section. This question type resembles a spreadsheet and a candidate can sort the table by selecting the drop-down menu. The table may have 4 to 8 columns as well as several rows of data, and a candidate is required to solve the problem based on the data. The problem is presented in true or false statements. A candidate has to answer at least three statements to answer one problem. 
  • Multi-source Reasoning: A candidate is presented with two or three informational tabs, which may comprise text, visuals, and tables. A candidate is prompted to solve three different problems based on these tabs. The questions may be in true or false or a 5-answer multiple choice format. Like the Table Analysis, if the problem is presented in a true or false format, a candidate must choose three statements to complete the problem. 
  • Graphics Interpretation:  These problems are generally presented in visual format as bar graph, pie chart, genetic map, organizational chart, etc. A candidate must read the visual representations to understand the information offered and answer the accompanying questions. These questions would be presented in the form of sentences and blanks. The blanks should be filled using choices from the drop-down menu.
  • Two-part Analysis: A candidate has to answer two questions instead of one in this segment. For instance, a question may require you to find x and y variables or strengthen and weaken an argument. The correct answer must be chosen for a two-part question from a set of 5 or 6 answer choices.

Analytical Writing Assessment

The Analytical Writing Assessment doesn’t contribute to your 200-800 score, but business schools use this section to interpret your writing skills. The assessment is analyzed by a computer system as well as a human grader. The scores from these sources are averaged to receive the final score. A candidate is asked to interpret and critique the argument presented by an author, analyze the soundness of an author’s reasoning and evidence.

Tips for GMAT Preparation

This section offers individual GMAT preparation tips for Analytical Writing Assessment, Integrated Reasoning (IR), Quantitative Reasoning, and Verbal Reasoning.

Quantitative Reasoning

This section comprises data sufficiency and problem-solving questions. It tests your math skills such as value order and factors, algebra, equalities and inequalities, ratios, rates, and percentages, statistics, sets, counting, probability, estimation and series, and geometry. The tips offered in this section will help you solve problems effectively. 
Data Sufficiency: These questions measure your ability to analyze a problem and find relevant data required to solve the problem.

  • Check if the question offers you only one value or a value range required to solve the problem.
  • Do not make assumptions based on geometric figures.

Problem Solving: These questions measure your analytical and logical reasoning skills.

  • Check the on-screen timer while answering the questions.
  • Read the questions carefully and do not spend much time on challenging questions. You can attempt them later.
  • Read the sentence question carefully to translate the data provided into equations or mathematical representations.
  • Work out your answers on an erasable note board provided at the center to deduce answers.
  • Try to do mental mathematics for questions that require approximations. Then try to find similar answers in the data provided.

Verbal Reasoning

This section comprises 36 multiple-choice questions of three types – Reading Comprehension, Critical Reasoning, and Sentence Correction. 

Reading Comprehension.

  • Read the passages carefully. Some passages may appear quite familiar than others, but do not presume answers. Always answer the questions based on the information provided in the passage. 
  • Focus on how a fact relates to an argument or idea, how passages discuss different ideas, try to understand keywords or phrases that indicate this transition of ideas, distinguish the main ideas as well as supporting ideas of the passage, and determine the conclusions offered in the passage.
  • Read the answers carefully and choose the best one that matches the information in the passage.

Critical Reasoning

  • Read the statements carefully and try to interpret the factual information and claims put forward.
  • Understand the soundness of reasoning put forward by the statement.
  • For questions based on arguments, try to understand which argument part can form the conclusion.
  • Read the questions before reading the arguments, this would prepare you for the answer.
  • Read all the answer choices carefully before answering the question. Do not presume any answer due to the familiarity of the question.

Sentence Correction

  • Read the sentence and answer choices carefully.
  • Focus on the underlined part of the sentence as it may have errors and require possible corrections.
  • Think about how to correct the mistakes in the original sentence.
  • Focus on idiomatic and grammatical usage, clarity, language precision, diction appropriateness, etc.
  • Substitute the most appropriate answer choice in the underlined sentence.
  • Generally, the first answer choice is the repetition of the underlined passage. Some sentences may not require corrections, and in such scenarios, you can always choose the first answer choice.

Integrated Reasoning

This section will present you with 12 questions of four types – Two-Part Analysis, Graphics Interpretation, Table Analysis, and Multi-Source Reasoning
Multi-Source Reasoning

  • Analyze the data source carefully, because the questions can be answered better once you gain a thorough understanding of the given data. 
  • In text passages, the ideas are presented in sequences, which contribute to the main idea passage. So, read and interpret them carefully.
  • The questions may feature graphic elements such as graphs, tables, charts, and diagrams.
  • Read all questions carefully to understand what is being asked. Sometimes, you may be asked to identify the discrepancies or draw inferences between data sources. Else, you may be required to identify relevant data sources.
  • Answer the questions based on the provided data.

Table Analysis

  • See the table and accompanying text to know the type of information offered.
  • ead the question and evaluate every answer statement carefully based on the specified condition. This condition may be yes/no or true/false. 

Graphics Interpretation

  • See the data presented in graphics carefully. Check the marked values, scales on the axis, and labels. Check if there are any discrepancies between the graph units or the units in the text. 
  • Read the text accompanying the graph, as it may comprise data that is not included in the graphic, but necessary to answer the question. 
  • Check all choices offered in the drop-down menu. With this, you may get additional information required for your assigned task.
  • Select the option that completes the statement accurately.

Two-Part Analysis

  • You will see a two-part analysis question that presents a brief problem or scenario and you may be required to choose two answers. 
  • See what the question exactly wants you to do. The headings of response columns may sometimes lack details that would help you understand the question requirements.
  • Make a final choice of answers after reviewing them.
  • You may be provided independent or dependent tasks.
  • A question may have two tasks that need to be performed independently. Else, a question may have one task with two independent parts.
  • An answer may serve for both columns.



Analytical Writing Assessment (AWA)

  • Identify the weaknesses and strengths of the argument.
  • When writing a response, you must consider the underlying assumptions, counterexamples that may arise, additional evidences that would strengthen or weaken the argument, and if your response reads like a discussion. 
  • Ensure your response comprises full sentences, logical transitions between two ideas, a coherent organizational scheme, and examples, which are neatly organized and introduced.
  • Always draw examples from your experiences, observations, or reading.

How to utilize GMAT Mock Tests to improve your results

Every year thousands of individuals attempt the GMAT, however, only a few succeed with good scores. GMAT mock tests help distinguish between candidates with good and average scores. A mock exam simulates the original test and allows an individual to practice and boost their confidence. The Graduate Management Admission Test or GMAT tests an individual for diverse skills. Thus, to master GMAT, you must be involved in every aspect of the preparation and GMAT mock tests can help you with it. These tests would help you analyze your strengths and weaknesses and work accordingly. Here’s is how mock tests will help you ace the GMAT with good scores.

  • You will be prepared for the big day because GMAT mock exams are similar to the real GMAT. These exams will help you get familiarize yourself with the syllabus, difficulty level, format, and so on.
  • You can try different methods for solving the questions.
  • You can learn time management and identify areas that require more time than others.
  • GMAT mock exams will help ease your nervousness and fears regarding the main exam.
  • With weekly tests, you can track the progress. You will be able to see how you have improved or the areas where more improvements may be required.

Gmat Score

A good GMAT score improves your chances of getting admitted to a top business school. A score of 690+ is considered good. The below section gives you an overview of GMAT scores and percentile.
GMAT Score Percentile Score Description
800 to 760 99% Best
750 -700 98% -90%
690-650 84% -70% Competitive
640-600 64% -50% Good Enough
550 38%
500 25% Average
450 15%
400 10%
350 5%
300 3%
250 1%
200 0%

GMAT Sub-section Wise

Verbal Score Verbal Percentile IR Score IR Percentile Quant Score Quant Percentile AWA Score AWA Percentile
51 99% 8 90% 51 97% 6 87%
46 99% 7 79% 46 53% 5 56%
40 90% 6 64% 41 34% 4 18%
35 74% 5 47% 36 22% 3 4%
30 56% 4 31% 31 14% 2 1%
25 37% 3 17% 26 8% 1 1%
20 21% 2 8% 21 5% 0 0%
15 9% 1 0% 16 3%
10 2% 10 1%

Best Books for GMAT Preparation in 2023

The following are the best books for GMAT preparation in 2023. 
Book Name Features Cost Where to Buy From
GMAT™ Official Guide Bundle 2022: ebook & Online Question Bank This guide combines three eBooks: GMAT™ Official Guide, Quantitative Review, and Verbal Review. You can find online question banks, detailed answer explanations, updated verbal and quantitative review chapters, mobile app for online and offline practice and online flash cards $81.99 Mba.com
GMAT™ Official Guide Verbal Review 2022: ebook & Online Question Bank This guide features 340+ verbal review questions, as well as detailed answer explanations. You can use mobile app to practice online or offline. $20.99 Mba.com
GMAT™ Official Guide Quant Review 2022: ebook & Online Question Bank This guide features 25 new review questions and over 370 practice questions from past GMAT. You can use mobile app to practice online or offline. $20.99 Mba.com
In addition to the above the following are a few more popular books to consider. 

  • Manhattan Prep Complete GMAT Strategy Guide Set
  • Veritas Prep Complete GMAT Course Set
  • Kaplan GMAT Prep Plus 2023
  • Kaplan GMAT Math Workbook
  • Manhattan GMAT Sentence Correction Strategy Guide
  • The PowerScore GMAT Critical Reasoning Bible

Registration for GMAT Exam

Here are the steps to register for the GMAT exam.

  • Visit mba.com to create an account. 
  • Click on Register Now.
  • Fill in your name, email id, and password. Take care to fill in the name as it appears in your official documents.
  • Indicate your communication preferences if you wish to connect with graduate business schools using GMASS service for student recruitment and scholarship organizations that have partnered with GMAC.
  • Indicate your preference to receive communication on the latest news, offers, and updates from GMAC.
  • Next, you will be led to the profile creation page, where you can proceed by filling in the following tabs:
    • Enter Personal Information: Enter your title, all parts of name, email, address, telephone number, and language preferences.
    • Enter Profile Details: Enter your gender, date of birth, and country of citizenship. Ensure to enter these details properly because if the profile is created, the GMAT customer service team can only make changes. Your GMAT profile should match the ID carried by you. If not, you will not be allowed to attend the exam and a refund won’t be issued.In the next step, you will be prompted to enter your undergraduate information, the date of your undergraduate graduation, overall academic performance, work experience, and graduate management degree information.
    • Verify your profile: Once this is done, your account details will be forwarded to the GMAC account processing team who will confirm it within 48 hours.
    • Schedule Your GMAT Exam: You can choose at least three exam centers nearest to your location. Next, choose the date and time.
    • Pay for your Exam: You can pay your fees using VISA, Mastercard, or other supported payment gateways. You will receive 15 minutes to verify your details of the appointment before making the payment.

GMAT Eligibility Criteria

GMAT is open to candidates across the world. There are no limitations on gender, religion, educational qualifications, and so on. However, a candidate must meet the basic eligibility criteria for registration.
A candidate:

  • Must be 18+ years and there is no upper age limit
  • Must possess a bachelor’s degree from a recognized educational institution
  • With or without work experience, can attend the exam
  • Can retake the exam after 16 days from the first attempt.
  • Cannot make more than 5 attempts within 12 months and 8 in a lifetime
  • Can take the exam with or without English as the medium of instruction
  • Must possess a valid passport

Fees for the GMAT Exam in India

This section will give you an idea of the exam fees and related services.
Service Fees Exam At the Test Center Exam Delivered Online
GMAT Exam US$275 US $300
Enhanced Score Report US$30 Not Applicable
Additional Score Report US$35 Each US$35 Each
Score Cancellation Fees US$25 Not Applicable
AWA Essay Rescoring Fees US$45 US$45
Cancellation Fees
60 days or before appointment US$110 Refund US$120 Refund
15-60 days before appointment US$80 Refund US$90 Refund
14 days or less before appointment US$55 Refund US$60 Refund
Reschedule Fees
60 days or before appointment US$110 Refund US$120 Refund
15-60 days before appointment US$80 Refund US$90 Refund
14 days or less before appointment US$55 Refund US$60 Refund

You can take the GMAT exam at any authorized test center or online from your home.

The official score report of the GMAT exam would feature section scores, total scores, and percentile ranking. You can see your unofficial score on the screen upon exam completion.

As of January 2023, the GMAT exam registration fee is USD $275. 

You can access your official score reports on your mba.com account within 7 business days of taking the exam; however, it may take up to 20 business days in certain cases.

The GMAT scores are valid for 5 years.

GMAT scores are accepted by all leading universities in the United States of America, Canada, UK, Australia, India, and much of Europe, and Singapore.

Many top-ranked B schools have set a cut-off of 720+ for students. However, a score above 690 is considered a good GMAT score. 

You can take the GMAT test on all 7 days at the test center as well as online. There is no time-related bounding when you take the test online at home. In both cases, the test can be scheduled up to 6 months in advance.

A candidate can attempt the test 5 times in a rolling 12-month period. However, only 8 attempts are permissible for any candidate.

Yes, scratch work resources are offered during the exam. A candidate will receive a 5-page laminated booklet as well as two dry-erase markers.

Yes, you may use scratch work resources like whiteboards during the exam. However, you can access an online whiteboard, too.

You can send score reports to up to five programs free of cost. However, an additional fee may be charged for additional reports.

Yes, a candidate aged below 18 can attend the exam, however, you must email a signed GMAT Parental Consent/Authorization form to GMATParentalConsent@Pearson.com.

The GMAT exam is challenging and the scores are considered by B schools for admissions to MBA programs. You can crack the exam with a disciplined study routine and attempting as many mock tests as you can. 


You can take the GMAT exam if you are considering an MBA program, or wish to attend a business school.  You will require at least two months for preparation. Always select the examination date such that you will receive results before the application deadline.

Yes, you can cancel the exam score immediately after the exam at zero fees. Else, you can also cancel the score within 72 hours after paying a fee. The canceled scores are not shown on the score reports shared with business schools, but they will be notified about this cancellation. Although the scores are not known, this very information about the score cancellation may impact your chances of getting admitted. So, canceling the scores after you see them is not recommended.

It will depend on where you live. Most countries accept only a passport as an ID for the exam.

Have any questions?