Study In Canada

Canada is one of the most popular study abroad destinations in the world. It ranks third on the list of most popular study abroad destinations after the US and Australia. Every year the country welcomes nearly 5,00,000 students from across the globe. Canada is currently considered the #1 country in the world in terms of quality of life and social purpose. Academic excellence, agility, entrepreneurship, and business opportunities are a few more factors that attract international students to this country.

Important Facts About the Canada

  • 28 Canadian universities appear in QS World University Rankings 2022.
  • Canadian Universities promote a multi-cultural vibrant campus life, impressive infrastructure, and various clubs and events to broaden your horizon.
  • Indian students can choose from than 200 scholarships to manage their study costs in Canada. 
  • Many scholarships cover 100% tuition and living costs. 
  • Canada is the sixth safest country in the world according to the Global Peace Index 2022.
  • Students on study permit can work 20 hours a week. 
  • Canada has one of the lowest unemployment rates of 5.4%. 
  • Students can search better job prospects across the six provinces – Ontario, Quebec, Alberta, Manitoba, New Brunswick, and Saskatchewan.
  • Canada ranks 16th on the Global Innovation Index (GII) 2021 and 15th among the high-income group economies.
  • Canada boasts of seamless healthcare facilities from infrastructure to medical equipment. 
  • It ranks 14 on the list of Best Healthcare Systems in the world 2022.
  • Canada spends 5.4% GDP on education.

Education System in Canada

There are ten provinces and three territories in Canada. Each province follows a different education system. The study levels may vary across these provinces. The students can enroll for the following programs. 

  • Associate Degree: The students must study for two years to earn an associate degree. 
  • Certificates and Diploma: These programs are job oriented and vocational and may last for a year or two. 
  • Bachelor’s Degree: This is an undergraduate program where students have to study for four years to earn their degree. In provinces like Quebec, this duration is usually three years. 
  • Bachelor’s Honors Degree: The program duration is usually four years and students can specialize in the subject of their choice. 
  • Master’s Degree by Thesis and Non-thesis: The duration of a master’s degree by thesis may be a year or two, depending on the subject. It requires the students to submit a thesis to earn a degree. However, a Master’s Degree by Non-thesis is a taught program, where students can earn a degree by attending their course regularly. 
  • Post Graduate Diploma: This is a specialized job-oriented program, which is undertaken post bachelor’s degree. The program duration may be a year or two. 
  • Doctorate or PhD Programs: The students earn their degree on submission of a thesis, and it may take 4-7 years to earn it.

Grading System in Canada

The grading system in Canada differs across provinces. So, you need to check them before starting your course.  

  • Alberta: Here, the teachers generally convert letter grades into grade points. For instance, the grade A+ is converted to 4.3 grade points, A to 4.0, A- to 3.7, B+ to 3.3 and E/F are the last grades, which is converted to 0. 
  • British Columbia: Teachers usually convert the letter grades into percentages. For instance, grade A stands for 86%-100%, B for 73%-85%, C+ for 67%-72%, and F is the last grade that may depict 0-49%. 
  • Manitoba: The grading system depends on a student’s GPA. For instance, a 4.5 GPA is considered exceptional and the corresponding letter grade is A+. 4 GPA is excellent and the corresponding letter grade is A. A student can earn grade C for 2.5 GPA and it is considered satisfactory. 
  • Newfoundland and Labrador: Like British Columbia, the grades are converted into percentages here. For instance, letter grade A may stand for 80%-100%, B for 65%-79%, C for 55%-64%, and F stands last on this list. 
  • Nova Scotia: Here, the grades are converted into percentages. For instance, A+ stands for 90%-100%, and F stands for 0-49%. 
  • Ontario:   The grades are converted into a percentage. For instance, A+ stands for 90%-100% and F for 0-30%. 
  • Quebec and New Brunswick: The grades are converted into grade points. Most universities use a 4.3 or 4.33 scale. For instance, a letter grade A+ would mean 4.33 grade point and E would mean failure.
  • Saskatchewan: The province follows the easiest grading system. The percentages are converted to letter grades. For instance, the percentage 90%-100% would be converted to A+ and 0-49% to F.
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Types of Educational Institutes in Canada

Students can earn their degrees or diplomas by enrolling to the following: 

  • Universities: They offer a broad range of undergraduate and postgraduate programs as well as diplomas, certificates, doctorates, and professional degrees. 
  • Career and Technical Colleges: They offer specialized diplomas and certificate courses. 
  • Community Colleges: These colleges offer diplomas, certificates, associate degrees, postgraduate diplomas, and undergraduate degrees. 
  • University Colleges: They host students who may be part of university transfer programs or wish to continue diplomas in specialized subjects.

Top Courses to Pursue in Canada

There are several top courses to pursue in Canada and the following are some of the best among them.

Business Management

Computer Science and IT

Medicine and Healthcare

Engineering

Media and Journalism

Mathematics and Analytics

Artificial Intelligence

Physical & Earth Sciences and Renewable Energy

Agricultural Science and Forestry

Psychology and Human Resources

Popular Universities in Canada

There are several popular universities in Canada that regularly feature in various world rankings. Below listed as some of the best colleges in Canada:

University Name  QS World Ranking 2023
McGill University  31
University of Toronto 34
University of British Columbia 47
University of Alberta 110
Universite de Montreal  116
McMaster University  152
University of Waterloo 154
Western University  172
University of Ottawa 237
University of Calgary 242
Queens University at Kingston 246

Popular Universities in Canada that Do Not Require IELTS/TOEFL

IELTS is one of the requirements to study in Canada. However, some universities in Canada may admit students without IELTS/TOEFL. Does that mean English language proficiency is not an important requirement to get admitted to these colleges or universities? No, the language proficiency is still an important requirement, but you can submit alternate test results such as: CanTEST, MELAB, CAEL, CAE, PTE Academic, and Duolingo English Test. The following are a few popular universities in Canada accepting alternative English proficiency scores. 

  • The University of Saskatchewan
  • University of Winnipeg
  • Brock University
  • University of Regina
  • Carleton University
  • Concordia University
  • Cambrian College
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland and Labrador

Popular Cost-Effective Universities in Canada

Education in Canada is expensive, however, many leading Canadian universities offer affordable education. The following are a few prominent ones among them: 

  • Brandon University 
  • Universite De Saint – Boniface 
  • University of Guelph
  • Canadian Mennonite University 
  • Memorial University of Newfoundland
  • University of Northern British Columbia
  • University of Calgary 
  • Simon Fraser University 
  • University of Saskatchewan 
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Admission Process to Study in Canada

Want to get admitted to a leading Canadian university?  The following steps will simplify the process. 

  • Choose your program and list 6-8 colleges and universities. 
  • See the eligibility requirements and gather paperwork such as LOR, bank statements, SOP, updated resume, essays, and official transcripts of academic degrees. 
  • Attempt standardized tests such as GMAT, PTE, GRE, IELTS, and TOEFL, depending on the application requirements. 
  • Arrange for finances required to pursue studies, such as applying for loans and scholarships. 
  • Submit the duly filled application form on the website and pay the fee. 
  • Check the application results by the end of Spring. Many universities will send you visa. 

Intakes in Canada

he universities in Canada follow the following intakes: 

  • Fall: This intake starts in September. 
  • Winter: It starts in January and usually students who miss their Fall intake opt for this. 
  • Summer: This intake usually begins in April and May, and is only available for limited programs. 

Cost of Education in Canada

Here we have included the average annual cost of education in CAD ($). Actual values may differ across cities and universities in Canada.

Types of Expenses (Annual)

Expenses in CAD
Tuition Fees

CAD$17,000 – $25,000 for graduate degrees;
CAD$12,000 – $ 30,000 for undergraduate courses;
CAD $24,150 – $66,210 for professional programs

Accommodation

CAD$8,000 – $10,000 for on-campus accommodation;
CAD $400 -$700 per month for off-campus accommodation
Travel Costs

CAD$80 – CAD$110 per month using public transport systems 

Health Insurance

CAD$300 – CAD$800 depending on your area
Food

CAD$300 – CAD$400 per month depending on your food preferences and habits

Entertainment

CAD$750 monthly depending on your personal choices

Canadian Study Permit

The Canadian Study Permit allows Indian nationals to study in designated learning institutions (DLIs) in Canada. You will require a visitor visa to enter the country. You can apply for the study permit by paying a fee of CAD 150. The processing time can vary across the country. If you are an Indian, you can obtain your Canadian Study Permit faster through the Student Direct Stream by following the below link. 

https://www.canada.ca/en/immigration-refugees-citizenship/services/study-canada/study-permit/student-direct-stream/apply.html

Documents to be Submitted With the Application

Original and Valid Passport

Study Permit Questionnaire

Two Photographs

Family Information Form

Reference Letter

Income Tax Returns Documents of You and Your Parents

Most Recent Secondary or Post-Secondary School Transcripts

An Official Acceptance Letter From a Post-Secondary Designated Learning Institution (DLI)

Scholarships or any Financial Assistance or Award Scholarships or any Financial Assistance or Award

A Guaranteed Investment Certificate (GIC) of CAD$10,000 from SBI Canada Bank, CIBC, ICICI Bank Canada, HSBC, and Scotiabank 

Proof of English Proficiency Test

If Applicable, You May be Required to Submit

Proof of Employment

Previous Passports

Birth Certificates for Each Accompanying Child

Eligibility Requirements and Admission Requirements to Study in Canada

Eligibility requirements and application requirements for undergraduate and post graduate courses vary in Canada. 

Undergraduate :

  • 70% marks in 12th grade 
  • 12th grade mathematics 
  • TOEFL CBT: 237 -250 depending on the course

Diploma Programs:

  • 60% marks in 12th grade
  • IELTS Score: 6.5 for overall and 6 in each section 
  • TOEFL CBT: 213 Minimum 

Master Degree Programs :

  • 2-3 years work experience 
  • GMAT – 580 to 600 minimum 
  • TOEFL: CBT: 237-250 min. 
  • Some institutes may require you to submit samples of published portfolio/work

Admission Requirements for Canada

The admission requirements vary across universities. These may include documents proving your academic proficiency, language proficiency, and personal information. The documents to be submitted include: 

  • Scanned copy of passport
  • Language proficiency test scores – English or French 
  • Academic transcripts of your previous degree 
    • Certificates of merit 
    • School leaving certificate for Bachelor’s course
    • Bachelor’s degree certificate for master’s course 
  • Standardized test scores – GMAT, MCAT, GRE
  • Statement of Purpose 
  • Letter Of Recommendation (If required) 
  • Resume or CV

Top Scholarships to Study in Canada

The following is a list of popular scholarships available for Indian students to study in Canada

Undergraduate Scholarships 

Name of Scholarship

Description and Eligibility Amount in CAD
Lester B. Pearson International Scholarship Program  Awarded to 37 deserving students who demonstrate academic excellence by the University of Toronto

Variable 

Education Future International Scholarship

Awarded by many universities to students who demonstrate academic excellence CAD$3299 – $16,517
Ambedkar Overseas Vidyanidhi Scholarship It is community-based scholarship, which is fully funded by the Social Welfare Department 

CAD$16,517

Scotiabank International Partner Entrance Scholarships

This is a Partially-funded scholarship by Scotiabank, which is offered to all students of George Brown College of Applied Arts & Technology CAD$6398
Global Citizen Scholarship This fully funded scholarship by MPOWER Financing is offered to students studying in Bachelor’s disciplines

CAD$12,797

Masters Scholarships in Canada

Name of Scholarship

Description and Eligibility Amount in CAD
Narotam Sekhsaria Scholarship Awarded by Narotam Sekhsaria Foundation to students who demonstrate excellent academic excellence. 

CAD $32,974

International Peace Scholarship for Women

Awarded by P.E.O Sisterhood, female students across all Canadian universities can apply to this scholarship.  CAD$15,985
Shastri Research Student Fellowship This scholarship is awarded to students enrolled in bachelors, masters, and M. Phil courses. 

Amount is variable

Best Student Cities in Canada

Canada is known for its metropolitan cities that welcome thousands of international students annually. These cities assure a well-planned lifestyle, including subsidized public transport systems, part-time work opportunities, healthcare facilities, and so on, which most students find appealing. The following are a few popular best student cities in Canada. 

Name of the City

Best Student Cities QS Ranking 2022 Cost of Living (CAD$)
Montreal 9

CAD$ 2000 -2500

Toronto

13 CAD$ 2200 – 3000
Vancouver 18

CAD$ 2500 – 3500

Ottawa

53 CAD$ 2000 – 2500
Quebec City 113

CAD$ 1500 – 1800

Diploma vs Degree

Diploma vs degree has been a point of consideration for many students going to Canada for higher studies. The following differences will ease the confusion.

Core Area

Degree Diploma
Types Bachelor’s, Master’s, and Doctorate/PhD

Regular Diploma, Advanced Diploma, Graduate Diploma

Duration

Bachelor’s Degree: 3 to 4 Years Regular Diploma (Undergraduate): 2 Years

Master’s Degree: 1 to 2 Years

Advanced Diploma ( Undergraduate): 3 Years

Doctorate/PhD: 3 to 7 Years

Graduate Diploma (Graduate): 1 to 2 Years 

Admission

Annually Half Yearly
Cost Approximately CAD$30,000 for Master’s Degree Programs

Approximately CAD$20,000 for PG Diploma 

Awarded By

Universities Colleges, universities, and private institutions
Career Prospects A structured degree program covers a wide range of topics and offers several career opportunities.

A diploma program may be subject specific, which allow students to enter into a highly specialized job sector. 

Popular Courses

Undergraduate Degree Courses in Canada

Business Studies and Finance

Hotel Management

Engineering

Art and Design

Health

Construction Management

Media Studies

Computer Science

Accounting

Music

Post Graduate Degree Courses in Canada

Computer Science 

Civil Engineering

Public Health 

Finance 

Human Resource

Mechanical Engineering

Pharmacy

Electrical Engineering

Psychology 

International Relations

Undergraduate Diploma Courses

Engineering

Information Technology

Business Management

Pharmacy Technician

Hospitality Management

Post Graduate Diploma Courses 

Biological Sciences

Engineering (Electronics and Mechanical)

Health Sciences

Networking & Information Technology

Business, Tourism and Hospitality Management

Pharmacy, Nursing, and Midwifery

Early Childhood Studies

Leading Institutions

Undergraduate Courses

The University of British Columbia

University of Toronto

McGill University

Université Saint-Anne

York University

Postgraduate Courses

Royal Roads University

Thompson Rivers University

York University

Athabasca University

Humber College

University of Winnipeg

University of British Columbia

PG Diplomas

Durham College

Sheridan College

George Brown College

Algonquin College

Seneca College

Humber College

Confederation College of Applied Arts & Technology

Centennial College of Applied Arts & Technology

Exams and Standardized Tests Required to Study in Canada

Students applying to Canadian universities are required to submit scores of language proficiency and standardized tests.

Language Proficiency Tests: English and French are two official languages of Canada. Most universities would require you to submit scores of these languages depending on the program.

As proof of English language proficiency, the students must submit scores of: 

  • IELTS: The International English Language Testing System (IELTS) is conducted by British Council and assesses a candidate’s English reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. The scores of this test are accepted by more than 300 DLIs in Canada. 
  • TOEFL: The Test of English as a Foreign Language is conducted by the Educational Testing Service (ETS). It analyzes a candidate’s reading, writing, speaking, and listening skills. An undergraduate candidate has to earn 79 or higher points and a graduate student earns 80 or higher points to secure admission. 
  • CAEL: This stands for the Canadian Academic English Language Assessment Test, which checks the student’s proficiency in four constituents – reading, writing, listening, and speaking. 

As proof of French language proficiency, the students must submit scores of: 

  • Test de Français Adapté au Québec (TEFAQ): This test is relevant for students wishing to relocate to Quebec, which is a French-speaking region. There are four modular tests such as oral presentation, written expression, oral comprehension, and reading comprehension.
  • Test d’Évaluation de Français (TEF): This test is essential for students who want to pursue French education at any Canadian university. The University of Montreal requires students to submit a score of 400 for admission.

Important Standardized Tests to Study in Canada

  • Scholastic Assessment Test (SAT): The students seeking admission to undergraduate courses must submit the results of SAT. This is a paper and pencil test, which analyzes a student’s analytical thinking capabilities. 
  • Graduate Record Examinations (GRE): This test is conducted by the Education Testing Service (ETS) and assesses the student’s readiness to attend a postgraduate program in Canada. 
  • Graduate Management Admission Test (GMAT): This test is conducted by the Graduate Management Admission Council (GMAC) and is required for seeking admission to MBA programs. 

Post Study Work Visa in Canada

A Post-Graduation Work Permit (PGWP) allows international students graduating from Canadian colleges and universities to work for up to 3 years. The students who have completed a degree, certificate, or diploma lasting at least 8 months can apply for PGWP. 

A student has up to 180 days to apply for a PGWP after graduation. During the application, the candidate must confirm the program’s name, duration, and completion status. 

If the study permit expires before you apply for PGWP, you have two options – you can leave Canada and apply for PGWP or apply for a visitor record to extend your stay in the country. 

You cannot apply for PGWP if:

  • Your study permit expired 180 days before your application 
  • You have enrolled for self-improvement or general interest courses 
  • You have participated in the Global Affairs Canada’s Government of Canada Awards Program; however, you can apply for PGWP if you have received a study in Canada scholarship
  • You have studied English or French as a second language 
  • You have completed the study at any Canadian university through e-learning, online courses, or correspondence 
  • You have completed a study program at any institution managed by non-Canadian management while living in Canada

Career Prospects for International Students in Canada

This section offers insights on in-demand and highest paying careers in Canada with approximate average annual salary range. 

  • Cardiologist (CAD$91,000 – $585,000)
  • Psychiatrist (CAD $69,000 – $384,000)
  • Physician (CAD $61,000 – $361,000)
  • Chief Marketing Officer (CAD$78,000 – $290,000)
  • Software Engineer (CAD $55,000 – $112,000)
  • Pharmacist (CAD$80,000 – $116,000)
  • Corporate Controller (CAD $67,000 – $147,000)
  • Data Scientist (CAD$57,000 – $113,000)

Your income would depend on your knowledge, skills, and the type of the organization you work for.

Frequently Asked Questions on Studying in Canada

Studying in Canada can be a life-changing experiences for most Indian students. There are various things that students need to know to pursue their education. Here, we have included some common questions and their answers for students planning to leave for Canada for their higher studies. 

Yes, 10+2+4 is required to study in Canada, especially if you wish to pursue a master’s degree. However, some universities may allow students to pursue a master’s degree and postgraduate diploma with 10+2+3. However, you need to check the university or college website to know more.

Yes, you can arrive in Canada anytime before the start of the course. However, you cannot take any part-time job until you begin your studies.

Yes, you can. If you have already received a study permit to study in Canada and later realize that you want to change your designated learning institution, you can do so. However, you need to submit a new study permit and the new letter of acceptance and follow the process repeatedly. This new application may require you to pay fresh fees, too.

Yes, you can pursue higher secondary education in Canada. Most Canadian universities accept students who have completed their high school diplomas from government-recognized study institutions in their country.

Most Canadian designated learning institutions (DLIs) require students to submit their IELTS scores to seek admission. A minimum score of 6 in each section and an aggregate score of 6.5 is a standard set by many leading universities in Canada. However, many Canadian DLIs may still accept your alternative English proficiency test scores, but you need to verify it. 

Yes, you would require student insurance to study in Canada. You can purchase private insurance policies to cover your healthcare costs for the duration of your course.

No, you do not require a separate work visa; rather you can find on-campus and off-campus jobs while on a study permit. The only requirement is you must pursue a full-time course at any DLI.

No, most Canadian universities accept a gap of 2 years for undergraduate studies. However, students can apply for postgraduate courses after a 5-year gap.

Yes, you can re-apply for a study permit. Get in touch with us and our experts will guide you through the same.

Yes, you need GRE to apply for master-level courses in Canada. Many programs require a high GRE score for admission.

Most Canadian universities admit students with a score of 60% and more.

Yes, you can take your spouse/dependent to Canada.

Yes, a spouse or dependent can work in Canada; however, they must possess an open work permit. This permit is usually awarded for the duration of your course. You can check the eligibility requirements on Immigration, Refugees, and Citizenship website to know more.

Yes, you can seek a sponsor to study in Canada. This sponsor can be anyone from your spouse, conjugal partner, relatives, parents, or any Canadian citizen.

It would depend on the institution you plan to apply to. Generally, transfer credits are only allowed between institutions in India and Canada that have credit transfer agreements.

Have any questions?